El Guardián de mi corazón (Highlands nº 1) (Spanish Edition)

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This shows how trafficking groups are becoming more cunning in hiding from federal authorities. The federal authorities have known that the group smuggles high grade marijuana and cocaine from Guanajuato, traveling up to the border and passing under secret tunnels. DEA agents have received tips saying the groups move up to 2 tons of high grade marijuana to a central hub in Atlanta, then up through I75 to Detroit where it is repackaged into small quantities and spread throughout the city. The money is never tracked because no bank accounts are used. This group is known to have military style weapons obtained from their cartel connections in the United States and Mexico.

They show off their luxury life on social networks but the authorities don't have any evidence to arrest the two cousins or other known associates. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Mexico portal Criminal justice portal. Narcotrafico en Mexico in Spanish. August 7, Retrieved February 11, Archived from the original PDF on September 11, Retrieved October 12, As ATF nominee, U.


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Archived from the original on October 9, Retrieved August 16, The economy stagnated under the dictatorship of President Ferdinand Marcos as the regime spawned economic mismanagement and political volatility. Only in the s with a program of economic liberalization did the economy begin to recover. The Asian Financial Crisis affected the economy, resulting in a lingering decline of the value of the peso and falls in the stock market. The extent it was affected initially was not as severe as that of some of its Asian neighbors. This was largely due to the fiscal conservatism of the government, partly as a result of decades of monitoring and fiscal supervision from the International Monetary Fund IMF , in comparison to the massive spending of its neighbors on the rapid acceleration of economic growth.

In , the economy experienced 6. The economy is heavily reliant upon remittances from overseas Filipinos , which surpass foreign direct investment as a source of foreign currency. Remittances peaked in at Despite constraints, service industries such as tourism and business process outsourcing have been identified as areas with some of the best opportunities for growth for the country.

Meanwhile, business process outsourcing is an inherently profiteering industry due to foreign companies cutting down on costs by relocating essential operations outside their home countries and often avoiding the higher tax and wage costs of employing people in the their native lands while at the same time, extracting higher quality products for lower wages in the places where companies have set up Business Process Outsourcing BPO offices. The industry is composed of eight sub-sectors, namely, knowledge process outsourcing and back offices, animation, call centers , software development, game development, engineering design, and medical transcription.

Goldman Sachs includes the country in its list of the " Next Eleven " economies [] [] but China and India have emerged as major economic competitors. Transportation infrastructure in the Philippines is relatively underdeveloped.

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This is partly due to mountainous terrain and the scattered geography of the islands, but also the result of consistently low investment in infrastructure by successive governments. Buses, jeepneys , taxis, and motorized tricycles are commonly available in major cities and towns. In , there were about 5. The Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines manages airports and implementation of policies regarding safe air travel [] [] with 85 public airports operational as of [update]. Philippine Airlines , Asia's oldest commercial airline still operating under its original name, and Cebu Pacific , the leading low-cost airline, are the major airlines serving most domestic and international destinations.

Rail transport in the Philippines only plays a role in transporting passengers within Metro Manila , the province of Laguna , and some parts of the Bicol Region. Freight transport was almost non-existent. As of [update] , the country had a railway footprint of only 79 kilometers, which it had plans to expand up to kilometers. In the past, railways served major parts of Luzon, and railroad services were available on the islands of Cebu and Negros. Railways were also used for agricultural purposes, especially in tobacco and sugar cane production. As an archipelago, inter-island travel using watercraft is often necessary.

Although highly diverse, they are collectively known as bangka also baroto , baloto , or paraw ; archaic: balangay , sakayan , biray , biroko , etc. Bangka were originally propelled by sails. Since the s, however, the sails have almost completely been replaced by motor engines. These motorized bangka are usually referred to as " pump boats " in Philippine English. Other traditional Filipino boat types have mostly gone extinct or are in danger of disappearing, like the once abundant casco barges and guilalo cargo ships.

But the bangka remain the most ubiquitous type of watercraft in the Philippines, even in modern times, due to their stability, speed, and ability to navigate even shallow coral reefs. The Philippines has pursued efforts to improve the field of science and technology. The Department of Science and Technology is the governing agency responsible for the development of coordination of science- and technology-related projects in the Philippines. Notable Filipino scientists include Maria Orosa , a food technologist famous for her formulated food products like calamansi nip, soyalac and the banana ketchup , [] and Ramon Barba , a horticulturist known for his method to induce more flowers in mango trees.

For example, inventor Magdalena Villaruz's agricultural invention, the turtle power tiller, won her the WIPO Inventor of the Year award and its use became widespread across the Philippines, Southeast Asia and Africa. In the field of medicine, notable figures include Fe del Mundo , a pediatrician whose pioneering work in pediatrics as an active medical practice spanned 8 decades, [] and Paulo Campos , a physician who was dubbed as " The Father of Nuclear Medicine in the Philippines " for his contributions in the field of nuclear medicine.

The Philippines bought its first satellite in The Philippines has a sophisticated cellular phone industry and a high concentration of users. Text messaging is a popular form of communication and, in , the nation sent an average of one billion SMS messages per day. Over five million mobile phone users also use their phones as virtual wallets, making it a leader among developing nations in providing financial transactions over cellular networks. It is also the largest company in the country. The National Telecommunications Commission is the agency responsible for the supervision, adjudication and control over all telecommunications services throughout the country.

The travel and tourism sector is a major contributor to the economy , contributing 7. South Korea, China, and Japan accounted for The country's rich biodiversity is one of the main tourist attractions with its beaches, mountains, rainforests, islands and diving spots among the most popular tourist destinations. As an archipelago consisting of about 7, islands, the Philippines has numerous beaches, caves and other rock formations. The Philippines is also one of the favorite retirement destinations for foreigners due to its warm climate all year round, beaches and low cost of living.

The challenges include limited access to sanitation services, high pollution of water resources, often poor drinking water quality and poor service quality, a fragmentation of executive functions at the national level among numerous agencies, and a fragmentation of service provision at the local level into many small service providers.

It is estimated that half of the population resides on the island of Luzon. The 3.

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Since the liberalization of United States immigration laws in , the number of people in the United States having Filipino ancestry has grown substantially. According to the official count the population of the Philippines hit million at the time of midnight on July 27, , making it the 12th country to reach this number. The Philippine population will continue to increase throughout and is projected to reach around ,, by December 31, , based on projections made by the Commission on Population using the latest population census of Philippine Statistics Authority.

Metro Manila is the most populous of the 3 defined metropolitan areas in the Philippines and the 8th most populous in the world in According to the census, Filipinos generally belong to several Asian ethnic groups classified linguistically as part of the Austronesian or Malayo-Polynesian speaking people. However, the aboriginal people of the Philippines along with Papuans , Melanesians and Australian Aboriginals also hold sizable shared Denisovan admixture in their genomes.

The Chinese are mostly the descendants of immigrants from Fujian in China after , numbering around 2 million, although there are an estimated 27 percent of Filipinos who have partial Chinese ancestry, [] [] [] stemming from precolonial and colonial Chinese migrants.

Mexican descendants in the Philippines numbered 1. Thus translating to about 1 percent of Filipino males having significant Indian descent through the paternal line.

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These Indian-Filipinos were either descended from precolonial Indian adventurers who established Hindu kingdoms in the vicinity: the Rajahnates of Cebu and Butuan as well as Kutai in Borneo, [] they may also come from colonial era Sepoy mercenaries [] and modern traders. The Philippines was a former American colony and during the American colonial era, there were over , Americans who were born in the Philippines.

Other important non-indigenous minorities include Arabs who established precolonial Muslim sultanates such as Lanao, Maguindanao, Sulu and Brunei. There are also Japanese people , mostly escaped Christians Kirishitan who fled the persecutions of Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu which the Spanish empire in the Philippines had offered asylum from.

The descendants of mixed-race couples are known as Tisoys. Ethnologue lists individual languages in the Philippines, of which are living languages, while 4 no longer have any known speakers. Most native languages are part of the Philippine branch of the Malayo-Polynesian languages , which is itself a branch of the Austronesian language family. Filipino and English are the official languages of the country.

Both Filipino and English are used in government, education, print, broadcast media, and business. Due to the Philippines' history of complex interactions with many cultures all across the span of the whole world, as well as local influences, the Filipino language has the richest repertoire of incorporated foreign vocabulary used in everyday speech among the world's many dialects because Filipino has been enriched by languages as diverse as English, Latin, Greek, Spanish, [] Hebrew, Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit, [] Tamil, Malay, [] Chinese, [] [] Japanese, [] and Nahuatl.

The Philippine constitution provides for the promotion of Spanish and Arabic on a voluntary and optional basis, [14] although neither are used on as wide a scale as in the past. Spanish, which was widely used as a lingua franca in the late nineteenth century, has since declined greatly in use, although Spanish loanwords are still present today in many of the indigenous Philippine languages, [] while Arabic is mainly used in Islamic schools in Mindanao.

Languages not indigenous to the islands are also taught in select schools. Mandarin is used in Chinese schools catering to the Chinese Filipino community. Islamic schools in Mindanao teach Modern Standard Arabic in their curriculum. The Philippines is an officially secular state , although Christianity is the dominant faith. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall be required for the exercise of civil or political rights.

Census data from found that about Protestants were Islam is the second largest religion. The Muslim population of the Philippines was reported as 5. Some Muslim scholars argue that the census taken in significantly undercounted the number of Muslims because of security concerns and hostility of the inhabitants to government personnel in Muslim-majority areas, leading to difficulty in getting accurate data for the Muslim population in the country.

The percentage of non-religious people in the Philippines is unknown because there are no official statistics. The remaining population is divided between a number of religious groups, including Hindus , Jews , and Baha'is. There are an increasing number of private health providers and, as of [update] , In , total expenditures on the health sector was 3. There are an estimated 90, physicians or 1 per every people, , nurses, 43, dentists, and 1 hospital bed per every people. Seventy percent of nursing graduates go overseas to work.

The Philippines is the biggest supplier of nurses for export. According to official estimates, 1, cases of human immunodeficiency virus HIV were reported in , of which had developed acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS. The Philippines has a simple literacy rate of The Philippines had a functional literacy rate of The majority of colleges and universities follow a semester calendar from June to October and November to March.

There are a number of foreign schools with study programs. Several government agencies are involved with education. The Department of Education covers elementary, secondary, and non-formal education. The Commission on Higher Education CHED supervises college and graduate academic programs and degrees as well as regulates standards in higher education. In , madaris were mainstreamed in 16 regions nationwide, mainly in Muslim areas in Mindanao under the auspices and program of the Department of Education.

Philippine culture is a combination of Eastern and Western cultures. The Philippines exhibits aspects found in other Asian countries with a Malay [] heritage, yet its culture also displays a significant number of Spanish and American influences. Traditional festivities known as barrio fiestas district festivals to commemorate the feast days of patron saints are common, these community celebrations are times for feasting, music, and dancing. The Ati-Atihan , Moriones and Sinulog festivals are a couple of the most well-known.

Some traditions, however, are changing or gradually being forgotten due to modernization. The Bayanihan Philippine National Folk Dance Company has been lauded for preserving many of the various traditional folk dances found throughout the Philippines. They are famed for their iconic performances of Philippine dances such as the tinikling and singkil that both feature clashing bamboo poles. One of the most visible Hispanic legacies is the prevalence of Spanish names and surnames among Filipinos; a Spanish name and surname, however, does not necessarily denote Spanish ancestry.

The common use of the English language is an example of the American impact on Philippine society. It has contributed to the ready acceptance and influence of American pop cultural trends.

This affinity is seen in Filipinos' love of fast food and American film and music. Fast food outlets are found on many street corners. American global fast food chain stalwarts have entered the market, but local fast food chains like Goldilocks and most notably Jollibee , the leading fast food chain in the country, have emerged and compete successfully against their foreign rivals. Spanish architecture has left an imprint in the Philippines in the way many towns were designed around a central square or plaza mayor , but many of the buildings bearing its influence were demolished during World War II.

The American occupation in introduced a new breed of architectural structures in the Philippines. This led to the construction of government buildings and Art Deco theaters. During the American period, some semblance of city planning using the architectural designs and master plans by Daniel Burnham was done on the portions of the city of Manila. Part of the Burnham plan was the construction of government buildings that resembled Greek or Neoclassical architecture.

Commercial buildings, houses and churches in that era are abundant in the city and especially in Calle Real. However, certain areas of the country like Batanes have slight differences as both Spanish and Filipino ways of architecture assimilated differently due to the climate. Limestones and coral were used as building materials. Philippine music has evolved rapidly due to the different influences stemming from colonialism under other countries. Before the Spanish conquest of the islands, most music was reminiscent of, or heavily influenced by, nature.

This genre is often accompanied by gong music and one well known instrument is the Kulintang. During the Spanish era Rondalya music, where traditional string orchestra mandolin type instruments were used, was widespread. In the Philippines, Rondalya refers to any group of stringed instruments that are played using a plectrum or pick.

Filipino instruments are made from indigenous Philippine wood; plectrums, or picks, are made from tortoise-shell. Harana and Kundiman are prevalent during this time wherein these songs are often used in courtship rituals. Nowadays, American pop culture has a heavy hold on the Filipinos that evolved from the Spanish times when the American occupation happened. Along with Korean pop, these two are dominating the recent music scene in media.

Just like the evolution of Philippine music, dance as well has been in constant change. Prior to colonial rule, the Philippines had a wide array of ethnic dances from different tribal groups. This was due mainly to the fact that Philippines is an archipelago thus the different varieties of dance developed. Both Luzon and Visayas, at first, were more akin to tribal movements until the Spanish came.

Mindanao represents more of an array of Muslim inspired dances and Spanish influence was limited to the region of Zamboanga. Universal dances in the Philippines are found at societal functions such as rituals, mimicry, life cycle and parties. During the Spanish era, most dances were accompanied by Rondalya music usually with string bandurrias that the Filipinos invented or by other type of stringed instruments that locally evolved in to the culture as well.

One famous dance that is well known is called the Tinikling , where a band of Rondalya musicians play along with the percussive beat of the two bamboo poles. It usually starts with men and women acting a scene about "How rural townsfolk mingle". The dancers then graze thru the clashing of the bamboo poles held on opposite sides. The end displays the paired bamboo poles crossing each other. The Muslim version of this where bamboo poles are also used is called the Singkil.

It is a courtship dance which involves a woman holding a fan or a handkerchief, where it plays an instrumental role as it places the couple in romance scenario. Nowadays, in the Modern and Post-Modern time periods, dances may vary from the delicate ballet up to the more street-oriented styles of breakdancing to name a few. Pottery and weaving are among the very first art forms showcasing Filipino artistic design and are evident from cave dwellings all over the country.

Among these are mostly anthropomorphic earthenware jars dating from c. Weaving was mostly done by women, using fibers from abaca, pineapple, cotton, and bark to make clothes, rugs and hats. Baskets were mostly utilized to carry grain and other foods. Early Philippine sculpture is characterized by frontal nudity. One of the earliest forms is the bulols by the Ifugao people which serve as an assurance for bountiful harvests.

The original functions of these sculptures are related to the ceremonies and beliefs of the tribes who created them. Arab and Russian missionaries also brought beveled type of carvings in the form of Okkil. The beginnings of this sculpture type started with the Islamization of Sulu. The Spanish colonization of the country did not hinder Filipinos creating sculptures for objects of adoration. During this time, sculptures of deities and saints were used to teach Filipinos Christian doctrines. During the American colonialism, worshippers of faith were not discouraged to sculpt in order to adorn churches.

Filipinos' first exposure to painting happened when Spain conquered the Philippines and these were used as religious propaganda often displayed in churches. However, as education progressed and wealth increased, more and more artists started to shift from the traditional religious motifs to a more secular pattern of imagery. In the modern period, statuary was integrated with architecture in the Art Deco style.

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Examples can be seen in statues throughout the country especially in public parks and spaces. As a general description, the distinct value system of Filipinos is rooted primarily in personal alliance systems, especially those based in kinship, obligation, friendship, religion particularly Christianity , and commercial relationships. Filipino values are, for the most part, centered around maintaining social harmony, motivated primarily by the desire to be accepted within a group. Caring about what others will think, say or do, are strong influences on social behavior among Filipinos.

Other elements of the Filipino value system are optimism about the future, pessimism about present situations and events, concern and care for other people, the existence of friendship and friendliness, the habit of being hospitable, religious nature, respectfulness to self and others, respect for the female members of society, the fear of God, and abhorrence of acts of cheating and thievery.

Filipino cuisine has evolved over several centuries from its Malayo-Polynesian origins to become a mixed cuisine with many Hispanic , Chinese , American , and other Asian influences that have been adapted to local ingredients and the Filipino palate to create distinctively Filipino dishes. Cena Literaria. Momentos inolvidables El perfume de las gardenias. Consultas y pedidos por e-mail: brianna.

En un hombre azotado por. Nueva novela de Brianna Callum: El perfume de las gardenias. Y un amor cuyo recuerdo siquiera el paso del tiempo logra desvanecer, que vuelve a prese. Agenda de septiembre: Ferias del Libro, presentaciones, charlas Charla "Relatos que enamoran". Tarde de Novelas. Una Tarde de Novelas, de charla, de abrazos Un amor en Malvinas y Brianna Callum Un instante Juramentos de sangre recomendado en Espacio Abierto. La columna de Lic.


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