Subordinación y valor (para defender la patria) (Spanish Edition)

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No hay duda; el piano de Berta tiene la cualidad mara- villosa de hacer sonar sus cuerdas sin que mano humana intervenga en ello. Juana se siente asaltada de terrores continuos ; en la casa no hay sosiego. Las noches se pasaban en vela y el pavor de que todos estaban poseidos las hacia interminables. Las ruinas D,g,t,.? Juana, no estoy loca. Yo lo espero. El solo lo sabe. Nada tuvieron que replicar y nada hubieran podido repli- carle, porque la voz les faltaba.

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L No era posible evadirse del testimonio de la evidenda. Yo, Adrian Baker. No soy un espectro que sale del sepulcro. El loo Modem Spanish Readings. Su padre y su nodriza la siguieron silenciosos. La duda mata.


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Comienza la unidad. El rey es grande, la reina eminente. Es la reina la que los pre- side, la que oye las quejas de sus subditos, la que repara los agravios. Las letras humanas adquieren un prodigioso desarrollo en este reinado feliz. A poco tiempo asombra la Espafla al mundo con la edidoD de la Poliglota, la. En el reinado de la piedad se levanta un tribunal de sangre. Un dia aparecen corte- sanos y soldados vestidos de gala. General alborozo se nota en tos reales de los Cristianos. Se levanta el campamento, y se encamina hacia los muros de la soberbia ciudad.

Un personaje moro, seguido de cincuenta caballeros mu- sulmanes, se dirige con semblante mustio hacia el Genil. Los orgullosos hijos de Mahoma, vencedores en Guadalete, se han retirado llorosos, vencidos para siempre en el Genfl. Es la reina Isabel de Castilla. Sucumbe la opulenta Oran. Brilla la cruz en sus adarves, y ondea en sus almenas el estandarte de Castilla. Nueva era social. Atronaban D,g,t,.? La bondad de S. Aunque no anduviesen perezosos los oficiales de secretaria encargados de extender los decre- 30 tos, los soldados, cansados de aguardarlos, prorurapieron en r:,9,N..

Apenas se habla apeado Careta de su carro triunfal, cuando insolentes retos D,g,t,.? Es preciso que la historia no calle, porque la historia es la conciencia de la humanidad ; y entiendan los que no 10 la temen, que su justicia es implacable y sus castigos eternos.

Nacido en una Corte corrumpida, su conciencia no tuvo un dia sereno. Ocultar con sus liberali- dades las miserias de su cautiverio. Renace en i8zo. Presidia las sociedades secretas del realismo. El libro del Sr. Por el contrario, las afirmaciones y diatribas del Sr. Se nota adema?

Confiese, pues, el Sr. El litxo del Sr. Para ello, antes de empezar con las dudas, es menester dejar sentado aquello en que todos convienen. Sobre las causas de este malestar se disputa mucho. Algo, aunque poco, de la cultura culinaria se infiltra y penetra 15 hasta en los lugares. Esto supone una turba de aspirantes lo menos de cien mil. Ix s que no entran en el grupa exiguo no es por falta He ganas, sino por falta de ao habilidad. Y tercera. Todos me parecen infruc- tuosos. No digo nada de los literatos.

Lo declaro con entera sinceridad; el Sr. El Sr. Se necesitan, pues, arrobas de vino para com- prar el vestido : un verdadero rio de vino. Luego son indispensables ocho fgnegas. Como prueba de la perversion, empieza el Sr. Lo ao primero que se necesita para ser patriota, es tener patria, y Pelayo no la tenia. Por eso apenas hay patriotismo en los siglos medios entre la plebe. En lo antiguo, cuando la patria se limitaba por los muros de la ciudad, como 35 en. Pues no digo nada de los de Homburgo, que ha sido un Estado, que ha sido una patria hasta Si se habla, pues, tanto de patriotismo, es porque le hay, y no para encubrir que no le hay.

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Contra esta burla hay los mismos argumentos ya expuestos. De esto tampoco tiene la culpa el grupo exiguo. No es asi. Sin embargo, el Sr, de Liniers no se contenta con pintarnos en as caricatura tan crue! Su libro consta de tres partes. Hasta la misma perversion moral, si la hubiese y fuese tan horrible como db. Lo confieso con franqueza. Lo dudo. Lo que ansian es que se afirme la creencia de que todos hacen lo mismo. Digalo sino, el destino de asistente de Sevilla, donde la mayor parte de las plazas concejales llegaron k hacerse hereditarias y aun delegables.

El primer ejemplo que encontramos de este elemento son las Cortes de Burgos de , medio siglo antes que fue- 10 sen llamados al parlamento de Inglaterra los diputados de los Comunes, y cerca de un siglo antes de los Estados Generales de Francia. El D,g,t,.? No habia ley electoral ni base para ella. En este periodo hubo. Asi los efectos de aquella hermandad fueron parciales y casi nulos. En nuestros dias se ha querido hacer la apoteosis de los comuneros. El hombre, pues, como ser inteligente es un ser social. En Roma estas dos leyes coexisten; pero coexisten para combatir, y combaten para perecer.

Their local governmenl was supported by dulies levied on imparts ; and their excellent highways kept in repair by a tax on passing vehicles, except he post-diligence. At he close of the last Carlistwar, in , the king, Alfonso XI I, praclically abrogated iheic ancient fueros, which Philip II had spared, and subjected them lo the common burdens of the nation. London, , a vols.. Hence the name CarlisI, generally a synonym for Bosque factions, who Joined his standard 10 oppose the imaginary Invaaon of Iheir fueres, urged on by iho ultramontane clergy. Render: In France the Sails viere formerly called upon to perform, etc, 4.

I think, every- where in coired diction. Of course the post-road ran through it toward Ihe Spanish frontier, as the railway does now. Tlie Puerta de Puencftirftl signifies the gate on Ihe north side of Madrid, where the custom-house formerly stood for travellers coming by the highway, still called the Mala de Fiatuia, or Post Road of France. The highway enters the town by the Calle de Fuencarral popular Calle Fun- earral , whence the name of the Puerta, continues down the C. Trans- late de, after registr p, by at. Page 3. SB decir, thai is.

See also p. Many towns of Spain have, besides their arms, an epithet, such as '" muy fiel," '" muy leal," " D,g,t,.? See Gram. ConiUiffO ea, elc, ajiolher French consiruclion like that in p. En nombre, etc. The process is veiy long, the text to be used filling fifteen pages in one of the old manuals. See Jansenius : Liier Eiclesia. The brother Charles expected lo succeed Ferdinand, but the liberal portion of the country proclaimed the infant Isabella, under the regency of her mother, Maria Cristina.

Hence the seven years' civil war which " Charles the Fiith " sustained chiefly through the Basques, the traditional absolutists and foes of innovation. Hence, also, the partisans of Carlos were called Catliits, and facciosos, or rebels, who harassed the country in guerrilla Gram, j All this passage is a fling al the exclusiire- nessofSpaniards, over the broad shoulders of tbe Alavese curaj. Page 4. See note to p. So, many verbs in Sjianish lake an infin. The construction in le dijo al Frances is called pleonastic or rt- dundant.

In Spanish it adds strength, roundness, to the phrase. See Cram. Sec Gram. For subj.. Gram, J J , c. The adjectives complacido and eatlBtecIto are here used as adverbs ; with a self-complatent and saiisfUd air. Here is no other qnein hereaboitls than. Pa 1E 6. Pace 7. Page 8. Vualva V. Oran peraona, elc, the first man viko calUii hitiatsi a tnorlal sat nwrf have been a perssnagr. Fur subj. UD tanto cuanto d,, lalhtr amusing. Page 9, See Gram, j Gram, f Un extranjero de estos, etc.

For sobj. See Baiall, p. Page ii. Has jml gent sat. Fot Eubj,, Gram. Botines is Ihe present term in Spain, as well as botoa, i. A quien le, Te. I : what do yon Ihmk of th Page Gram, i 7CQ, i. ISO, entre ml, la myseJf in my sleeve. Betiro, for el Buen Ketiro, a large park or grounds on one side of Madrid, formerly containing a. It is now open to the public, is furnished wtlh a drive, and in the summer evenings concerts and theatrical entertainments make it a fashionable resort unequalled in Europe.

Como aoyeld. This is the classic pitillo, the cigarette. PaGF If it were the other way, we should have had al conejo. Be ha quedado en el aire, is suspended in mid air. See note 10 p. Pace The dimin- utive -ilo is here provocative and piqaant, not possible to render.

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Bl as que, etc. Page PaOB PaGK iB. Formerly the first was called Jefe politico, but now Gobernador civil. Preciso, si, unavoidably, since. In that way the press is forced to respect the nation and public Bs me ha dado palabra. Gentltmm, thai toUl not prevent us from throwing down the gauntlet Page No tenifo iDCon.. I hatie no abjection, Deje V. The blasphemous Janguage odlie text here should be evaded ns above. Jrom which the highest bidder takes the o take. Por los anos, about the year. He intimates that in the olden time he was up to the mark of good society when engaged in the " whisi " of that day, and in the fandango, now so vulgar and out of place.

The celebralion was tum-Jold, the aulhor snys. Here the noble and distinguished youlh of Madrid were educated. Since the buildings are occupied by Ihe Hospital Militar. Talayera de la Reina of the Queen was so named after the mother of Alfonso XI , and is an old ruinous town situated on a lovely plain nol far from Toledo.

Ferdinand, king of Cas- tille and Leon , conquered from the Moors Cordova, Seville, and Gram, j , a. Locke, the English metaphysiciaii, ; Bertoldo. An ellipse for IjO que V, guste dar. Page 3a, — These paper strips bound on the corner of a balcony indicate an apartment to lei ; when attached to llie emlre or front of the balcony, they announce a boarding-house with aeconunodations to spare, PaGF,3S. In Southern Spanish houses which usually consist of two floors, the ground floor for summer use.

The taguan is terminated by an iron open-work door at the court end. Did the assassin eiperience a feeling of faiatness thai compelled hits to seek the supportof the Toali. Acaso is merely the oral sign of an interrogation. When any of the Moors or Jews became Christians, they and their descendants were rated as cristianos nuevos, new Christians or proselytes ; and bmilies intermingling wtlh Ihetn were always considered as more or less tainted.

The Spaniards of pure pedi- gree were called also el Tizon de Bspafia, the Brand of Spain, from a pamphlet written by Cardinal Francisco de Mendoia y Bobadilla, bishop of Burgos, addressed to Philip 11, to prove that a great part of the Spanish nobility were tainted with infidel or Jewish blood. Jj , n,- Juiciosa 19 here used in its popular sense of quiet, "proper," "good"; — French, sage; German, arlig.

Iba ya picando en historia, -mas aim getting to be a fixed faet.

SUBORDINACIÓN Y VALOR!!!

Y si pudo callar, etc.. T VamoB, etc. No quiero decir I Baas teaomOBi That is the case, is iif LiOCa, etc. Facie I'AGE Ija del iixini. The title of "Catholic Sovereigns"' was conferred on Ferdinand and Isabella in See Gerdes.. At this point it will be well lo give a list of the sovereigns of Castile from the Iwginning of the struggle against the Arab invasion in the eighth cenlury lo It day, to illustrate once for all the historic allusions in the pages that D,g,t,.? Pelayo 7i Favila M! Femando I Casl. Alfonso IX of Leon. Enrique I of Cast. Fernando III of Cast. Femando III.

Don Juan II. Henry IV was Isabella's lialf-brothet. The truth b, that the house of Trastamara, which began in a murder and ended in a mad-woman, was the curse and ruin of Spain, made the reigns of Charles and of Philip possible, and the present degradation of the country inevitable. And of all the members of that house, no reign was so fatal to Spain as that of the so-called Catholic Sovereigns, the projectors and funienters of priestcraft, Ihe Santa Hermandad, he Inquisition, Ihe expulsan of Jews and Moors, and Ihe manipulators of a crushing despotism of creed that condemned the nation to aspiritual death, while its only medium of respiration was f, naticbiu and ils twin sister hypocrisy.

JOTlo; Paolo Giovio , a great Italian writer of the sixteenth century, wrote much on Spain, where his woiks were freely translated. His Grammars and Dictionaries were among he first of the Peninsula and of Europe. See InlroducttBH. Hakim, el Sabio, or the I-e. Venice, 14S3 and , 4". Montolvo ; Alonso Diaz de Monlalvo, bom , died , an eminent juris!

To his works are to be added the Royal Ordinances by Juan Ramirei. AlcalA, , fo!. Philip II caused the whole to be revised and reissued in , under he title of Nueva Becopllacion, or 2Vsw Digest, and Charles IV republished them down to his ime Z", vol.

His writings were collected by his nephew, the tanious Ambrosio de Morales, historian and antiquarian, who published them at Cor- dova in A second edition appeared at Madrid in , a vols. Oliva'a life is found in Reiibal y Ugarte. I will translate his words : " 1 might also add here what Master Oliva wrote in Latin concerning Ihe magnet, in which he discovered ofa truth great secrets. He was very sure that with the magnet be had found a way by which two absent persons might talk lo one another. I heard him Frequently speak of this ; for, although but a lad, I was fond of listening to his conversation.

As for this matter of two absent persons being able to talk together, he explained the method by which it was to be brought about, and it was sublite enough, lo be sure ; but he was always insist- ing that he had it on his mind, although he could never bring it o a satisiactoiy state of perieciion for the lack of a powerful magnet, which seemed not likely lo be found.

Ltlriu de Pulgar. The dales of his birth and death are not known, but he hardly survived the war of Granada more than two or three years, which would bring his death at about Otra dama, Francisca, the daughter of Antonio de Lebrija. Pagu The aait was not the execution, but Ihe preliminary examination. After that, the condemned wero handed over to the Statt, taken without the walls or limits D,g,t,.? The English have wrongly adopted ihc Portu- guese term "auto da fe," through Llorente's French ed.

The latter always calls a burning See all the old Chronicles prior to Pace no, — 5. The In- quisition was established in 14S0, and continued without interruption till Dec. The 5enil, one o the two rivers of Granada, now the witness to the conquered Arabs, is very eloquently contrasted with the site of lie Ciristiaa calatnity nearly Boo years before. Genii is from Siagith, the Roman name of the river. Page iiz. Pagh Owing, lioivever, lo tho intolerable hcatandscaicityofwater. The children of Ferdinand and Isabella were as follows : — I. Juan, prince of Castile, born in , married MarEaiel of Austria, daughter of the emperor Maximilian, in , but died Ihe same year, al the age of nineteen.

Margaret again married, in , Philiberl of Savoy, who died in She was subsequently governess of the Netherlands for the remainder of her life , dying without succession. They became king and queen of Castile on the death ot Jane's mother in ; but her hus- band having lied two years after, in Ijom in , wife of Dom Joao, king of Portugal. DoBa Maria, bom in , married in to D. Manuel, king of Por- tugal, her late sister's husband, died in child-birth in Her daughter Isabella became the only wife of Charles the Fifth in Their first issue was Philip II, bom in Oatlieriiie ot AJ-aerou.

She died in IS35,Spaniards say of poison. Charles the Fifth succeeded to he throne of Spain by reason of his mother's and thus a foreign house, that of Austria, crowned the fatnily disasters of Ibe last of the Trasiainaras. Hero the court usually spends the summer mon hs, and it was here, in August.

Ihe writer of this article, it will be seen, was a Conservative Moderado , though considered a Uberal in Ferdinand's time. Z30 Modem Spanish Readings. Page ii8. To understand the text here, it must be Iwpl in mind Ihal the Summer Palace is located at the beginning of extensive grounds, with "eaujc" or fountains pla]nng about ii. The premises aie surrounded by a high wiU], except in front toward Ibe village of 5a. Il is this iron gate thai is called Puerta dt Hum in the text. England was included in Ihe acclaim, because the Pro- grcstsias favored Elnglish ideas for Spain, while the Conservatives inclined to France.

He was killed in the insurrection that followed. His reign began in Marcli. On his return, he abrogated the Constitution of Cadii, and imprisoned or banished the members of Ihe Curtes and leading litterals, ignoring the progressive ideas thai had sprung up during the war against Napoleon. Hence his reign may be divided into periods as follows : — I. Absolute despotism, i8t4-iSao. Revo- luiiou of This is an admonition to Isabella II. Fernando was divorced from his party by his tendency lo a milder regime.

Don Carlos was ordered to return from Portugal to Madrid, but he refused. SU sBpOSa ; i. The children were IsaticliaH, bom in , and Maria Luisa, who is the 'vile of the duke of Monlpensiot. They rushed upon the French army, and a scene of carnage followed. Two Spanish aitiilcry officers. Daoli and Velarde, fumed their cannons on Iha common foe.


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The second of May has since been observed as the national holiday, for by it the nation was roused to gather and resist Napoleon. The Pantheon is a ciypt or vault in the Escorial, wbcto the kings and queens of Spain are buried, from the body of Charles the Fifth to the present. Ferdinand and Isabella still lie in the Cathedral at Granada.

Vergil, Aemid. See Juvenal, 6, lo. Page 15S. Matid4tvmnu, etc. See Chnmita Gtiural, Zamora, , L ccc. Abandonar, v. Abaratar, v. AbaUdo, a, adj. Abierto, a, adj. Abismado, a, p. Abolir, I. AbominSdo, a, p. Abominar, I', u. Abrazar, v. Absorber, v. Absurdo, a, adj. Spaniard, [l.. Academia, n. Acalorado, a, ailj-, warmed, healed. Aceptar, v. Acomodar, c. Acordar, v. AcoBtarae, nji. Acadir, v. Acnerdo — acordar. COD, in harmony witli. Adqaindo, a, pp. Id be detected, lo be remarked, to be stated, [ L.

Advirtiera — advertir. Afecto, n, m. Agitar, v. Agotar, V. Agriarse, to become bitter ; irae agriando, to become embittered. Agrio, a, adj. Z4f3 AgtiftrdSr, v. Ahuyentar, v. See vida-a. Alarido, H. Cid, auoria, 1. Alentado, a, fi. Allbnao or Alonso, Alphonso. Aligerado, a, pp. Alojado, II. Alojar, V. See Alfonso. Altematiramente, adv. Alto, a, ,uij. Alfimno, n. Allende, adv. Amanecer, v. Amenazar, v. South and Central A. Amigo, a, H. Gram, p.

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Ampliar, v. Anarquista, h. Anatema, n, m. Broad Street. Old Sp. Anomalia, n. En las relaciones laborales prevalece la realidad sobre las formas o apariencias. Los derechos laborales son irrenunciables. Los trabajadores y trabajadoras tienen derecho al descanso semanal y vacaciones remunerados en las mismas condiciones que las jornadas efectivamente laboradas.

Los promotores, promotoras e integrantes de las directivas de las organizaciones sindicales gozan de inamovilidad laboral durante el tiempo y en las condiciones que se requieran para el ejercicio de sus funciones. La impartida en las instituciones del Estado es gratuita hasta el pregrado universitario. Se establece la inviolabilidad del recinto universitario. Se garantiza el derecho de propiedad. Nadie puede ser sometido a reclutamiento forzoso. Toda persona tiene el deber de prestar servicios en las funciones electorales que se les asignen de conformidad con la ley.

Toda autoridad usurpada es ineficaz y sus actos son nulos. La seguridad, la defensa y el desarrollo nacional. El sistema de vialidad y de ferrocarriles nacionales. Legislar sobre las materias de la competencia estadal. Es de la competencia exclusiva de los estados:. Las tasas por el uso de sus bienes y servicios, multas y sanciones, y las que les sean atribuidas. El producto de lo recaudado por concepto de venta de especies fiscales. Los recursos que les correspondan por concepto de situado constitucional. Los procedentes de su patrimonio, incluso el producto de sus ejidos y bienes.

Los derivados del situado constitucional y otras transferencias o subvenciones nacionales o estadales;. Los ejidos son inalienables e imprescriptibles. Corresponde a la Asamblea Nacional:. Legislar en las materias de la competencia nacional y sobre el funcionamiento de las distintas ramas del Poder Nacional. Calificar a sus integrantes y conocer de su renuncia. Las condiciones para ser elegido o elegida diputado o diputada a la Asamblea Nacional son:.

Designar Comisiones temporales integradas por los y las integrantes de la Asamblea. Los diputados o diputadas a la Asamblea Nacional no son responsables por votos y opiniones emitidos en el ejercicio de sus funciones. Su voto en la Asamblea Nacional es personal.

La ley es el acto sancionado por la Asamblea Nacional como cuerpo legislador. Las leyes de base deben fijar el plazo de su ejercicio. La iniciativa de las leyes corresponde:. Al Poder Electoral, cuando se trate de leyes relativas a la materia electoral. Al Consejo Legislativo estadal, cuando se trate de leyes relativas a los Estados.

Alejandra Alexandra. B [ edit ] bagaje m. Basilio Basil. Bonifacio Boniface. C [ edit ] ca why! Cristo Christ. Escocia Scotland. Europa Europe. Fernando Ferdinand. Francia France.

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Francisco Francis. G [ edit ] gabacho Frenchman term of derision.

Groenlandia Greenland. H [ edit ] haber to have, to be; —— de , to have to, be going to; hay , etc. Italia Italy. J [ edit ] jadear to pant. Jaime James. Jesucristo Jesus Christ. Josefa Josephine. Juan John. L [ edit ] labio lip. Laponia Lapland. Luis Louis.

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