Bright Hub Education. Skip to content. The Summary 5 out of 5 Ten years after the fall of Troy and thousands of years before Mapquest and Onstar, Odysseus has not returned to his home in Ithaca, where his wife and son are trying to fend off a mob of disrespectful suitors. Literary Merit 5 out of 5 An analysis of The Odyssey shows the epic is much more than an adventure story.
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Much of the story is told via flashback. Epic Invocation — The Odyssey begins with an appeal to the muse. Supernatural Intervention — Gods, magic, and fate play an important role. Stock Epithets — The Odyssey contains stock phrases that describe characters, things, and events — gray-eyed Athena, wise Odysseus, for example. Epic Hero — The epic hero embodies the positive characteristics of his society. Odysseus is strong, wise, good-looking, and loyal.
Epic Similes — Really long comparisons of unlike things using like, as , or so. Read it out loud or listen to the audio version.
Use the Internet. In a shared reading, the teacher or a student reads the texts aloud while the rest of the group reads silently. The person reading may stop and share their thoughts about characters, events, etc.
We'll begin our shared reading from the 9th grade McDougal and Littell Language of Literature text pp. There are other versions of the text, but this is the one to which we have access, and it provides vocabulary and "stop and think" questions to guide students as they read. I am doing it this way to get students interested in the text and to show them how I think about and question the text as I am reading.
Tips for Teaching The Odyssey in High School
I am also doing it this way because there is some challenging vocabulary in this text, and I don't want students to be turned off at the beginning. I need to keep them interested so that we can get to the great parts of the story.
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After reading pages of Book Nine of the Odyssey in the McDougal Littell text, I will tell my students that I want them to view a clip of the incident with the Cyclops. I am using this version of the text because it provides a vivid image of the Cyclops with challenging, but not too difficult diction. We will watch only the first 13 minutes of the clip.
As they are viewing the clip, I want my students to see if they can point out differences in the video and the events that we read in our version of the video. We are doing this because it allows them to compare the treatment of the same scene in two different artistic mediums CCSS. We can also discuss why the clip may have been different and which version was more effective for them. An alternate version of the text can be found here. During silent reading time, my students have two options:.
Lesson Plan Day irivimafov.tk | Odyssey | Odysseus
I am giving them in-class reading time because I think reading is important, and we had gotten away from self-selected reading time due to snow days. Now that we are in the home stretch 4th quarter we are back to our schedule of reading CCSS. If they choose to read The Odyssey , they should focus on reading for comprehension of the plot and the characters. We'll do more with the reading when we re-read to find examples of problems.
For the closure activity today, I will ask my students to work with a partner to list some of the problems that Odysseus and his men faced in the order that they faced them at the bottom of pg. We are charting these problems with partners in order to help us keep track of the conflicts that Odysseus and his men are facing. This is also a great way to preview the next lesson in which we will focus on the problems and solutions that they experience. Check out this video of my students searching through the text to find the problems that Odysseus faced in the part of the story that we read today.
I need to give them this type of quiz to make sure they have read before we move on to analysis of the text. The teacher may wish to prepare less mature students for some material that appears in the story. In particular the term bitch appears several times, and there are a few sexual references. Each teacher needs to decide how to address these matters with students. The following is a list of page numbers teachers may want to be sure to preview before reading them with the class: 64, 94, , , , , , , , This guide includes activities to precede, accompany, and follow reading.
The discussion and essay topics can be expanded as necessary to suit the educational needs of students.
These activities are meant to help students understand the story and its characters and themes, as well as explore issues dealt with in the book that are important in students' lives today. Before reading Homer's The Odyssey , students should be introduced to the concepts of epic poetry and epic heroes, as well as to the author and his preceding work, The Iliad.
An epic poem is a long narrative poem. Epic dramas frequently are broadcast on television, usually shown for several hours each night for a week e. An epic is not something that can be told in one sitting. These tales are complex, revolving around several main characters and spanning many years. Homer's epics tell of the adventures of heroes. Some translations retain the format of a poem, while some are in prose story form. An epic hero is a man who seems able to conquer most problems he encounters, although he does not possess any "super" powers.
He is faithful to his family, his country, and his god.
He is brave; although he often feels fear, he overcomes his fears because he knows he has responsibilities, which are mainly to defeat evil and allow goodness to prevail. The epic hero is intelligent. Because he has no special powers, he must rely on his brain to get him out of difficult situations.
Sometimes, however, a higher force or being will help guide him on his quest.
This greater force does not do things for him, rather the force helps him do things for himself. The most famous story from this epic is that of the Trojan horse. Odysseus and his men built a giant wooden horse and left it outside the gates of Troy as a peace offering. The Trojans accepted it and rolled it into the city. However, the Greeks had hidden inside the horse, and that night, they sneaked out of the horse and opened the city gates to the entire Greek army. Because of this trick, the Greeks won the Trojan War. Students also may be interested to know that when soldiers came to recruit Odysseus to go to war, he tried to escape enlistment by pretending to be mad.
However, they proved his sanity by throwing his infant son, Telemachos, in the way of his plow. Odysseus swerved to miss the child, thereby proving his mental stability.