The Story of Orion (Night Sky Stories)

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She sent a scorpion to defeat Orion. To avoid the scorpion, he jumped into the sea. It was then that Apollo the Greek god of the Sun decided to take action. He pointed out to his twin sister, Artemis, a small black object in the sea. Claiming it was a horrible villain, he dared her to shoot it with her bow and arrow. Artemis easily hit the target. When she swam out to retrieve her victim, however, she discovered that the villain was her friend, Orion.

Orion Constellation: Facts, Myth, Stars, Location, Star Map | Constellation Guide

Artemis begged the gods to bring Orion back to life, but they refused. The Sky Map below shows almost the entire sky, only excluding a thin strip around both the poles. Right now it's revealing the Hawaiian Starlines constellations, but you can see a different set of shapes by selecting any of the other cultures below the Sky Map. The constellation information for the cultures come from Stellarium , a free and extremely popular planetarium. There are 28 cultures included in these analyses and visuals. Especially for the more ancient cultures, only a few constellations are still known today.

You can read a little more about each culture by hovering over the blocks. It's also possible to see all the constellations of the culture at once in the Sky Map above by clicking on a culture's name. The shapes of these constellations were greatly influenced by Greek astronomy. Particularly by the work of the Greek astronomer, Ptolemy, which was translated into Arabic in the 9th century.

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The Arabic Moon stations describe the 28 sky areas chosen in ancient Arabia to define the daily location of the moon during its lunar month trip around the sky. Each station is recognized by a star or a group of stars. For the ancient Aztecs, the knowledge of the night skies and stars movement had great importance for their calendars, agriculture and religious cycles.

Sadly, a great part of this knowledge was lost as consequence of the Spanish conquest. The folk constellations found in Belarus, a country in Eastern Europe.

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People in the villages have preserved their traditional knowledge about the stars and related beliefs through to the present time. The Boorong tribe from Australia pride themselves upon knowing more of Astronomy than any other tribe. Chinese constellations, known as "Xingguan", are typically smaller than the modern ones, but there are many many more.

The Night Sky - Tales of the Dipper

Dakota, Lakota and Nakota also known as Sioux are one of the groups of indigenous people of north-central United States and Canada. However there are differences in names. A recent adaptation based on the teachings of a Polynesian master navigator, it divides the sky into four evenly sized star lines.

The constellations of the arctic universe, although the specifics of Inuit constellations might differ from tribe to tribe.

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Most astronomical observation in Japan until the Meiji Restoration was closely tied to astrological purposes. These constellations are reconstructed based on the descriptions known to elderly inhabitants of Macedonian villages. The Maori New Zealand constellations are similar to the Polynesian. Maritime themes are central to the Maori constellations and were used extensively in nautical navigation. Mongolian constellations were inherited from contact with Alexander the Great and was largely influenced by Chinese civilization and Buddhist religion. Very few native Norse constellations have survived to this day.

Being a seafaring nation, they probably had many. Part of the Romanian constellations function as an "agrarian clock" for specific activities and tools used. The constellations of the ancient Sardinian cultures, from the Italian island in the Mediterranean Sea. As in all Polynesian star lore, Tongan constellations descend from the practical application of nautical navigation. Tukano is the common name for a group of indigenous tribes who live around the northwestern region of Brazil, near Colombia and Venezuela. Tupi-Guarani is a name given to a family of languages spoken by the indigenous peoples of Brazil and other South American countries.

Western constellations are used internationally by modern astronomers. It has historical roots in Ancient Greek astronomy, with influences from Islamic astronomy most of the traditional Western star names came from Arabic. The earliest written evidence for the existence of constellations comes from inscribed stones and clay writing tablets dating back to BC.

It is innately human to see and use the figures in the night sky. To dream, to tell stories, to navigate, and more.

The Story of Orion

Some groups of relatively bright stars are so distinct that cultures from around the world, separated by vast oceans, have connected them into a constellation in almost the same way. It's our human imagination and cultural history that ascribes wildly different figures and meaning to the shapes though.

The same sky, different figures

You'll probably end up recognizing more shapes than you would've thought. The data about the stars comes from the HYG star database. Figures in the Sky How cultures across the World have seen their myths and legends in the stars. Arabic Constellations — 49 Avg. Arabic Moon Stations Constellations — 28 Avg. Aztec Constellations — 5 Avg. Belarusian Constellations — 20 Avg.

Boorong Constellations — 28 Avg. Chinese Constellations — Avg. Dakota Constellations — 13 Avg. Egyptian Constellations — 28 Avg.

Orion Constellation

Hawaiian Starlines Constellations — 13 Avg. Indian Vedic Constellations — 28 Avg. Inuit Constellations — 11 Avg. Japanese Moon Stations Constellations — 28 Avg. Kamilaroi Constellations — 13 Avg. Korean Constellations — Avg. Macedonian Constellations — 19 Avg. admin