So the second note, in this case C, will always be 3 half-steps, or 3 frets, higher than the first note, A.
The third note is 2 half-steps or frets higher than the second, and so on. The exercise below allows you to visually map all the notes of the A minor pentatonic scale on the low E string up to the twelfth fret:. Here are two octaves of the A minor pentatonic scale in the 5th position:.
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The blues scale below is the A minor pentatonic scale with the addition of a flatted fifth. The addition of the diminished fifth introduces an element of dissonance and tension to the scale. In this exercise the flatted fifth blue note acts as a chromatic passing note which resolves to a consonance. Observe that you always refer to the scale degrees of the minor pentatonic scale by the interval names of the natural minor scale. The fourth note of the scale below retains the designation of a fifth whether it is diminished or perfect.
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The omission of the second and sixth note of the natural minor scale to form the minor pentatonic scale does not alter the interval relationship between the A and E which remains a perfect fifth. You can use seventh chords when playing the blues. Try the 12 bar blues in A using the chords below.
No fingering has been given for the D7 and E7 since they have the same fingering as a C chord. Further blues exercises can be found in the appendix Blues Exercises. From Wikibooks, open books for an open world. Category : Book:Guitar. Namespaces Book Discussion.
Guitar/Blues - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
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This page was last edited on 3 October , at The blues scale is made from the 1st, flattened 3rd, 4th, flattened 5th, 5th and flattened 7th notes from the major scale above. The 2nd and 6th notes of the major scale are not used.
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To flatten a note, just replace it with the piano key lower in pitch ie. The flattened 5th is the blue note that gives the blues scale its distinctive sound in this key. So for this major scale, the 5th note of the major scale is flattened from G to Gb to make the blue note.
Blues Scales – The Major and Minor Blues Scale
Wherever possible, complex note names from the major scale are simplified to arrive at the final blues scale notes. For example, in the Gb blues scale , the 4th note of the major scale Cb is simplified to be note B. This is done because blues and pentatonic scales do not follow the 'usual' music theory rules that hold for diatonic scales, such as major and all minor varieties, which state that each note from A.. G can only be used once in the scale. The next 3 steps including this one , show how the natural minor scale is used as a basis for the minor pentatonic scale, which in turn is used to construct the blues scale in this key.
To understand why this scale has these sharp and flat note names, have a look at the C natural minor scale. The minor pentatonic scale is made from the 1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 7th notes from the natural minor scale above.
To understand why this scale has these sharp and flat note names, have a look at the C minor pentatonic scale. To construct the blues scale from the minor pentatonic scale in the previous step, take the 4th note of that scale note G , flatten it, and insert it before the 4th note position of the same scale. This note Gb is the blue note that gives the blues scale its distinctive sound in this key.
Another way to identify the blue note is to take the 5th note of the natural minor scale from 2 steps above, which is the same as note 4 as the minor pentatonic scale , and flatten it. Yet another more complex way to identify the blue note is to take the Diminished 5th note interval based the tonic note - C-dim-5th. Key signature Scale chords Mode chords All keys C blues scale The Solution below shows the C blues scale, on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.
C Major Scale and Modes
Since the key of C appears on the Circle of fifths diagram as both a major and minor key, the Lesson steps explain both ways of constructing this blues scale for this key: The 1st construction, using the major scale, starts at Lesson 3. This step shows the C blues scale on the piano, treble clef and bass clef. There are 6 blues scale notes plus the octave of the tonic note - a total of 7 notes. This step shows the white and black note names on a piano keyboard so that the note names are familiar for later steps, and to show that the note names start repeating themselves after 12 notes. This step shows an octave of notes in the key of C, to identify the start and end notes of the scale.
This step describes the C major scale , which is necessary to build the blues scale in a later step.