Esposito, Roberto. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Fahmy, Mohamed Fadel. Fantz, Ashley. Foreign Radio. Fukuyama, Francis. July Gallman, WaldemarJ.. Iraq under General Nuri; my recollections of Nuri al Said, Gelvin, James. September, Haddad, George. I: Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan. Speller, Harris, George L.
Hawyard, Henry S. Howard, Philip N. Democracy's Fourth Wave? Digital Media and the Arab Spring. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Ibrahim, Ekram.
San Francisco, Ionides, Michael George. Divide and lose. The Arab revolt of Geoffrey Bles: London, Ismael, Tareq Y. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Jankowski, James. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Press, Jessop, Bob From micro-powers to Political Geography, 26 1. Kerr, Malcolm. Khadduri, Majid. Michael Szaz, ed. Kunz, Diana. The Economic Diplomacy of the Suez Crisis.
New York: Columbia University Press, London: IB Tauris, Laub, Karin. Biopolitics : An Advanced Introduction. Records of Iraq, , volume 12 Louis, William Roger. Michel Foucault. Read an excerpt of this book! Add to Wishlist. USD Sign in to Purchase Instantly. Usually ships within 1 week. Overview The most challenging question today for the citizens of any country in the Gulf region is whether it is heading in the right direction to become a durable, sustainable system, fully supported by its people and capable of being defended from internal and external threats.
About the Author Shaikh Mohamed A. Table of Contents Map of the Arab nations viii Map of the Gulf region x Foreword xi 1 four decades of transformation in the Gulf 1 2 The Arab spring 13 3 Economic diversification in the GCC: the rentier state 27 4 Economic reform 44 5 Political reform 69 6 Conclusion: a manifesto for change 93 Notes Bibliography Index Average Review. Write a Review. Related Searches. In post-war London two girls are relieved to find husbands. One lands the s dream One lands the s dream of wealth and security.
The other, Elaine, endures fourteen years married to a man with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. At first Elaine finds Gerald's activities curious View Product. Thor Bjorgolfsson became Iceland's first billionaire. His biggest triumph was the takeover of Iceland's second-largest bank, Landsbanki, but when financial meltdown hit in , Both efforts were small in scale compared with those before , but they nonetheless represented an attempt to reestablish Qatar as a go-to mediator.
Senators John McCain and Lindsay Graham to seek a negotiated settlement to the escalating confrontation between the Egyptian military and members of the Muslim Brotherhood. The trilateral U. Although the initiative was unsuccessful, the attempt to leverage Qatari influence in a coordinated and multilateral approach with regional and international partners differed significantly from the pursuit of largely unilateral objectives associated with the former Qatari leadership.
Symbolically, the two Turkish pilots freed as part of the deal were returned to Turkey aboard a Qatar Airways plane at the successful conclusion of the months-long mediation process. Simultaneously, Tamim and the new Qatari government began to take a series of steps to reduce tensions with neighbors. Like his predecessor as premier, Hamad bin Jassim, Sheikh Abdullah was entrusted with a second position; however, he was given the Ministry of Interior rather than the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
But this does not mean that all is well on the foreign policy front. The Muslim Brotherhood government in Cairo was ousted just a week after the change of emir in Doha, which required the new leader to immediately distance himself from the contentious policies of his predecessor. Having largely succeeded in containing the political upheaval at home, the conservative Gulf states rapidly deployed their financial largesse and political support in Egypt.
With the toppling of the Muslim Brotherhood government in Cairo effectively signaling the end of the Arab Spring—at least in its initial phase—Saudi and Emirati officials moved quickly to seize the regional initiative away from Qatar. This is the legacy facing Emir Tamim and his new foreign policy team as they seek to rebuild damaged regional relationships and regain the trust and confidence of GCC partners.
Certainly, both the November security agreement and the simmering Saudi, Bahraini, and Emirati anger with Doha were grounded in evidence that Qatar continued to give some form of assistance to members of the Muslim Brotherhood even after the coup.
An April declaration by the Omani foreign minister suggested that the GCC rift had been resolved internally and that Qatar would deport up to fifteen Gulf nationals allegedly affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood. In addition, Al Jazeera would become less aggressive in its coverage of regional events and stop referring to the July military takeover in Egypt as a coup. In keeping with the closed nature of policymaking in Doha as elsewhere in the Gulf , decisions will be taken without public fanfare and actions will be left to speak louder than words.
The Arab Spring and the Gulf States: Time to embrace change
In the early days of the Arab Spring, Qatar exerted unprecedented regional leadership and began to emerge as an innovative new actor on the international stage. Uniquely among states in the Arab world, officials in Doha viewed the unfolding upheaval in North Africa and the Levant as an opportunity to be seized rather than a challenge to be feared.
During the Arab Spring, Qatari policy shifted away from the honest-broker mediation that had characterized its pre approach, becoming more interventionist and associated with picking winners in transition states in North Africa and the Levant. Army Sergeant Bowe Bergdahl. Qatar had long put itself forward as a possible intermediary between the Afghan government and the Taliban, although an attempt to facilitate dialogue in June was ultimately short-lived and unsuccessful.
The breakthrough in late May occurred after months of painstaking preparation that, in the words of U. President Barack Obama and Taliban head Mullah Omar both issued statements publicly thanking Emir Tamim for his assistance in brokering the deal. Doha has been active in regional attempts to secure a ceasefire between Israel, with whom it has maintained discrete trade links, and Hamas, whose leader Khaled Meshal has long been based in Doha. During the Gaza conflict that broke out in July , Tamim and al-Attiyah engaged actively in shuttle diplomacy.
Additionally, it is instructive that at one point, Secretary Kerry telephoned al-Attiyah to ask Doha to use its influence to intercede with Hamas. It may take years for Qatar to fully restore a degree of trust among regional partners, but the path is open for Qatari officials to begin rebuilding a reputation as an intermediary that is able to bridge divides. As events across much of the Arab world become more unpredictable and volatile, U.
Should Qatar seek to regain and best leverage its reputation for mediation in a way that overcomes its limited institutional capacity, officials in Doha may need to take a step back and allow others to lead, something that they may be loath to do. Given that the mediation successes under the former leadership were accompanied by media fanfare and formed part of the potent state-branding efforts to position Qatar on the international stage, a more discrete role may not be palatable, even though it offers a more sustainable path over the longer term.
But the low-key approach that characterized the Bowe Bergdahl and Gaza cases may signal that Qatari leaders have, at the very least, absorbed the lessons of the Arab Spring, and recalibrated policy accordingly. He is also an affiliate faculty member at the Henry M. Working across the disciplines of political science, international relations, and international political economy, his research examines the changing position of Persian Gulf states in the global order as well as the emergence of longer-term, nonmilitary challenges to regional security.
Coates Ulrichsen has published extensively on the Gulf. Cooper and Timothy M. Shaw, eds. HE Dr. Follow the conversation— Sign up to receive email updates when comments are posted to this article. Kristian, Qatar has its own definition for the terror. It is behind and the daily killing of innocent people in Egypt and many other Arab countries. It is funding terrorists, killers and giving refuge to self confessed criminals.
What Led To The Uprisings?
But most of all its aim and ultimate goal is gaining international influence political, economic and mass media and to have the ability to pressure the west. You should have investigated its economic and investment policy, its TV station directed to the American public and not just talk about its role in replacing the PLO's Yasser Arafat in negotiating with terrorist on behalf of the USA.
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