There are several types of spies that can be usefully employed: locals, expendable, those with a high position in the enemy government, double agents, and those who return after performing their duty. Spies must be rewarded generously, one should be wary and prepared to be spied upon oneself, and a good commander can use spies to misinform the enemy. In general, as for the armies you want to strike, the cities you want to attack, and the men you want to assassinate, you must first know the names of the defensive commander, his assistants, staff, door guards, and attendants.
You must have our spies search out and learn them all. Medieval Japanese commanders consulted it, Napoleon was said to have employed many principles expounded in the book, and the Chinese leader Mao Zedong was a great fan of the work and cited it as a contributing factor in his victory over Chiang Kai-shek in the civil war of the midth century CE.
As the most famous military treatise in Asian history, the work continues to be as popular as ever and is often included as essential reading on curriculums worldwide for courses in history and political science.
THE ART OF WAR - Sun Tzu
Editorial Review This Article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic standards prior to publication. We're a small non-profit organisation run by a handful of volunteers. Become a Member. Cartwright, M. The Art of War. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Cartwright, Mark. Last modified July 18, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 18 Jul This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms.
Sun-Tzu Biographical details concerning Sun-Tzu are scarce. Remove Ads Advertisement. About the Author Mark Cartwright. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. Related Content Filters: All. Ancient China produced what has become the oldest extant culture In ancient China warfare was a means for one region to gain ascendancy Sun Tzu is known as a Chinese military strategist, Taoist philosopher Warfare is generally understood to be the controlled and systematic The chariot was used in Chinese warfare from around BCE but Help us write more We're a small non-profit organisation run by a handful of volunteers.
The Art Of War.
Filiquarian 07 November Tuttle Publishing 15 April Bibliography Cosmo, N. Military Culture in Imperial China. The Illustrated Art of War. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on Retrieved Chiang Mai: Cognoscenti Books. Military History and Professional Development.
Sun Tzu Art of War
New York:Oxford University Press, The International Journal of Learning. The Sydney Morning Herald. Irish Independent. Translation by A. North China Branch, Shanghai Society for the Study of Early China. Early China 3. Chinese University Press. Harvard University Press.
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Journal of the American Oriental Society 99 4. American Oriental Society: — The Art of War. East Asia.
Inspirational Sun Tzu Quotes about Power and Life
The Art of War is one of the most useful books ever written on leading with wisdom, an essential tool for modern corporate warriors battling to gain the advantage in the boardroom and for anyone struggling to gain the upper hand in confrontations and competitions. Dallas Galvin , a writer and journalist specializing in international affairs and the arts, has reported on military affairs in Latin America and Asia and produced documentaries for the NATO Alliance.
War is a howling, baying jackal. Or is it the animating storm?
Suicidal madness or the purifying fire? An imperialist travesty? Or the glorious explosion of a virile nation made manifest upon the planet? In all recorded history, this debate is recent, as is the idea of peace to describe an active state happier than a mere interregnum between fisticuffs.
The Art of War (Barnes & Noble Classics Series)
Astounding as it may seem, war has consistently won the debate. In fact, it never had serious competition-not until August 24, , anyway, when Czar Nicholas II of Russia called for an international conference specifically to discuss "the most effectual means" to "a real and durable peace. Nicholas was successful. His first Peace Conference was held in It was followed by a second, in These meetings gave rise to a process in which the world gained a common code of international laws.
It was a moment when peace and the trials of war were under the microscope of the civilized world. Off in a very quiet corner of this stage, there also appeared two scholars: one, a ghost, Sun Wu-this is Sun Tzu's actual name; Sun is the family name, and Tzu an honorific-a member of a Chinese clan of experts on arms and fighting, who had lived some 2, years earlier; the other, a librarian and student of the Chinese classics, Lionel Giles, who published his translation of The Art of War in