Percussion is abbreviated following the brass.
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Strings are represented with a series of five digits representing the quantity of each part first violin, second violin, viola, cello, bass. Other Required and Solo parts follow the strings:.
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Instruments shown in parenthesis are optional and may be omitted. The Beethoven example is typical of much Classical and early Romantic fare.
Samson: Let The Bright Seraphim
In this case, the winds are all doubled 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets and 2 bassoons , and there are two each horns and trumpets. There is no low brass. There is tympani. Strings are a standard configuration 4 first violin, 4 second violin, 3 viola, 2 cello, 2 bass. Sometimes strings are simply listed as "str," which means strings.
The second example is common for a concert band or wind ensemble piece. Note the inclusion of the saxes after bassoon for this band work. Note also that the separate euphonium part is attached to trombone with a plus sign. For orchestral music, saxes are at the end see Saxophones below.
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Multiples, if any, are not shown in this system. The numbers represent only distinct parts, not the number of copies of a part. In the third example, we have a rather extreme use of the system. Note: This system lists Horn before Trumpet. This is standard orchestral nomenclature.
Also, it should be noted that Euphonium can be doubled by either Trombone or Tuba. Typically, orchestra scores have the tuba linked to euphonium, but it does happen where Trombone is the principal instead. Saxophones , when included in orchestral music they rarely are will be shown in the "other instrument" location after strings and before the soloist, if any. Letters that are duplicated as in A in this example indicate multiple parts.
Hickeys Music Center. Brass Instrumentation Codes Following many of the titles in our Brass Ensemble catalog, you will see a set of five numbers enclosed in square brackets, as in this example: Description Price Copland Fanfare for the Common Man [ The vocal line spends the first section of the aria duetting with the trumpet referred to in the lyrics, however in the B section, the melody becomes reflective, though no less stately, dropping to the relative minor key, and omitting the trumpet. This aria would originally have been performed approximately a semitone lower than it is today. Let the bright seraphim in burning row Their loud, uplifted angel trumpets blow Let the cherubic host in tuneful choirs Touch their immortal harps with golden wires.
For the curious, I have included my program notes below, along with the lyrics. Lyrics: Let the bright seraphim in burning row Their loud, uplifted angel trumpets blow Let the cherubic host in tuneful choirs Touch their immortal harps with golden wires.